|Dear General Manager
I have been informed that Google has dropped the legal and historical name of the Persian Gulf from its maps. This is a wrong move and I am writing to warn against its counterproductive effects.
The credibility and reputation of the global media, such as Google, stem from their expected dedication to the truth and commitment to abide by the law. The Google’s decision, I regret to say, is far from the truth and it is against the fact and law. Moreover, this action tends to blatantly disregard historic records, geographic realities, as well as legal principles. There is plenty of evidence to support this judgment and I draw your attention just to a few:
1. Ancient inscriptions, such as the inscriptions belonging to Darius Achamenian( Til-al-maskhuta, Egypt, 515-518 B.C. indicate the appellation of “Persian Gulf.”
2. Chronicles and accounts by Greek and Roman historians and geographers including Flavius Arrianus, Strabo, Claudius Ptolemy, Kursius Rofus, Anaximander of Miltos, Ctesias and Xenophon, have all referred to the dividing water expanse between the Arabian Peninsula and the Iranian Plateau as nothing but “the Persian Gulf ” or “the Persian sea.” One may add to this list the names of famous authorities from among the Persian and Arab geographers, historians, and artists such as, Ibn Faghih, Ibn Rosta, Abu al-Ghasim Khordadhbeh, Masudi, Ibn Howghal, Yaghut al-Hamavi Rumi, Hamdallah Mustoufi and Ibn Battuta, in whose books and records the appellation “Persian Gulf” has unequivocally been mentioned.
3. The term “Persian Gulf” exists in at least 25 treaties in Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages and in their respective Latin versions. The term has also been used in all relevant agreements and treaties signed between Iranians and the Portuguese, Spanish, British, Dutch, French, Belgians, Russians and Germans since 1507.
4. International organizations such as the United Nations have constantly and repeatedly used the correct term of “the Persian Gulf” in their relevant resolutions, official records and documents including the official map of West Asia, published by the United Nations in November 1998; and the official map of Iran published by the United Nations in January 2004.
The Iranian Association of Geopolitics deplores the unjustified decision made by Google Company to remove the legal and historical name of the Persian Gulf from its map sites. Therefore, I urge the Google decision-makers to reverse their decision and immediately rectify the situation.
Mohammad Reza Hafeznia (Ph.D)
Iranian Association of Geopolitics (IAG)
And Full Professor of Political Geography
Tarbiat Modares University (T.M.U)